Expenditure on families and children

Expenditures on families and children comprises of benefits associated with childbirth, adoption and childcare for children up to school-age.

Characteristics of the Nordic countries

Cash benefits are mainly income maintenance in the event of childbirth and child allowance. Child day care is the largest benefit among benefits in kind.

From 2000 onwards, the share of families and children benefits in relation to GDP has been stable in most Nordic countries. Denmark has the highest expenditures in relation to GDP, but since 2009 the share of expenditure has fallen and is almost at the same level as the other Nordic countries Iceland has had the lowest expenditures in relation to GDP during most years.