Transmittable diseases

The number of diagnosed cases of tuberculosis is relatively stable in the Nordic countries. The trend in incidence of HIV infection is relatively stable and the trend is related to new methods of treatment. These methods result in infected people having a longer period with HIV infection, and therefore a longer period before AIDS breaks out. This gives a greater number of potential carriers with the risk of infecting other people. Mortality as a result of HIV/AIDS has been decreasing in all countries since the end of the 1990s.

Without doubt, chlamydia infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the Nordic countries. It is also the most common cause of infertility among women. There are some differences between the countries. The disease is often without symptoms and is therefore probably under-reported.

A marked fall in the incidence of the traditional sexually transmitted infections, gonorrhoea and syphilis, has been seen in all countries over the past 20 years.


Note: Note: Greenland have been disabled in the graph. Click the legend on the left to enable