This section describes the size and demographic makeup of the unemployed section of the population, and how it has changed over time. It describes the rules governing the support given to the unemployed, and the kind of support to which they are entitled. It also includes a presentation of the extent to which support is provided, in the form of both services and cash benefits.
The rules applying to both income-substituting benefits and the extent of activating measures for the unemployed vary considerably from one country to another. As a result, there is no direct link between the extent of unemployment and spending on unemployment measures.